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What are cultural issues in counselling?

Cultural issues may have a focus on racial identity development (Black, White, and other ethnic groups), ethnic identity development (Black British, British Asian, and other ethnic groups), gender and sexual orientation, from infancy through adult maturity. An understanding of this development is necessary to understand the dynamics of multi-ethnic and multi-racial groups in the United Kingdom.

A counsellor working with cultural issues may take in to account any or all of the following:

  • Racial identity, ethnic, and sexual identity
  • Stages of identity development for different ethnic, racial, and cultural groups
  • The way identity operates in the everyday adjustment of people of color and other oppressed groups
  • How racial and cultural identity experiences can influence interpersonal relations