What is personal development?
Personal development is a term that refers to activities that are involved in the improvement of self-knowledge and identity.
It also enables people to develop talents and potential, build human capital and employability and enhance quality of life.
Additionally, partaking in personal development can boost your chances of realising dreams and aspirations. (Cambridge Dictionary,
It is a lifelong process - early life development and early formative experiences at school, within the family, etc. can help to shape us as adults, but personal development should not stop there; it should carry on throughout one's life.
Maslow suggests that all individuals have an in-built need for personal development which occurs through a process called self-actualisation (SkillsYouNeed, no date).
When one level of need in the hierarchy is satisfied, it becomes possible for the next one up to be developed.
The hierarchy is as follows (from bottom to top):
The basic needs for survival (food, water, oxygen, shelter, etc.)
Safety and security needs
Feeling safe from potentially dangerous physical and psychological situations. Also includes economic security (e.g. work, money, etc.)
Love and belonging
Feeling part of a group (family, friends, work). Giving and receiving trust, affection and love.
Feeling competent. Having the respect of others.
The desire to know and understand. The need for meaning and predictability.
The need for beauty and order; creativity, design and art.
Reacing your full potential. Becoming everything one is capable of becoming.
(SkillsYouNeed, no date).
SkillsYouNeed, no date. What is Personal Development? [online] skillsyouneed.com. Available at: https://www.skillsyouneed.com/ps/personal-development.html.